Aromatherapy is the use of essential oils as a form of health care. Nowadays as people are becoming more aware of environmental pollution and chemical hazards, they are searching for natural remedies to promote their health and well-being. By using aromatherapy we can help ourselves to restore the energy lost from our own physical exertion, and from the effects of the age in which we live.
Essential oils are natural extracts from plants, fruit, wood and resins. In their purest form, they are molecular substances that carry the characteristic fragrance of the source from which they have been extracted. They have been described as having hormonal qualities that hold the life force from each living substance whence they derive.
Thousands of years ago the Egyptians used aromatic oils to add to their baths, and for centuries priests burned Frankincense in religious ceremonies to produce spiritual calmness. Our not so distant ancestors used herbs in the form of pomanders to protect themselves from infection, and elderly ladies were calmed and refreshed by Lavender water if they succumbed to an attack of ‘the vapours’.
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The Viral Connection
Scientists now have evidence that Type I diabetes may be caused by viruses that invade the islets in the pancreas. Then, in some mysterious way, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the islets.
Dr. H. Peter Chase, of the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes in Denver, is studying families who show signs of these anti-islet antibodies. And researchers at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York have found that these antibodies appear several years before the patient develops diabetes. These early warning signs may one day help scientists prevent diabetes by using drugs that suppress the immune system.

A Drug Offers New Hope
One such drug already has “cured” diabetes, in a sense. Dr. Calvin R. Stiller and his colleagues at the University of Western Ontario in Canada treated 30 newly diagnosed Type I diabetics with cyclosporin. This is the drug that prevents organ rejection in heart and kidney transplants. In 16 of the patients, cyclosporin suppressed the body’s destruction of the islet cells. The patients continued to secrete insulin and no longer needed injections.
The researchers believe that if cyclosporin is prescribed soon after diabetes manifests itself -and before all the islets are destroyed – it can arrest the development of diabetes.

Better Control, Tight Control
Thanks to battery-operated blood-reading meters and color-coded testing strips, the diabetic patient today can get an accurate reading of his blood sugar at home within minutes by pricking a drop of blood from a finger. He then can adjust his medication, food intake, and exercise to bring his blood sugar levels back under control.
This new technology comes at a time when doctors are advancing their stand on “tight control.” This means that the diabetic must keep his blood sugar levels as close to normal (between 80 and 120 milligrams) as possible at all times. Doctors believe that tight control can reduce or eliminate the long-term nasty effects of diabetes.
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The majority of ovarian cancers cause few symptoms until the disease has spread beyond the pelvis. The symptoms associated with the development of the cancer are very non-specific and often vague which causes a delay in diagnosis in most cases.
The symptoms, which are commonly associated with the egression of ovarian cancer, are abdominal swelling and bloating; irregularity of bowel habit, such as constipation or diarrhea; abnormal vaginal bleeding; pelvic pressure, and occasionally the woman will feel a lump herself. It is all too common that a woman will say that she thought her abdominal swelling was due to menopause or ‘getting old’. It is not brought on by what the patient does even if you feel guilty about your lifestyle prior to diagnosis.
The diagnosis is usually made when a lump is felt during a vaginal or abdominal examination. In most cases an ultrasound or CT scan is given. Suspicious findings include the presence of solid areas within the lump; the presence of fluid (ascites’); the presence of a tumour within either ovaries or the presence of cauliflower-like growth on the surface of the ovarian cyst seen on scan.
In most cases, the final diagnosis is made during surgery when the surgeon will make a decision to ‘stage’ or ‘debulk’.
Surgery can take two forms. A ‘staging’ operation means that if the cancer seems to have stayed in the ovary or the pelvis, the surgeon takes samples from areas where it might spread. These, include the surface of the bladder and large bowel, the omentum — which is a pad of fat which hangs off the large bowel – and biopsies of lymph glands along the wall behind the ovary affected and along the major blood vessels up to the kidneys (the ‘para-aortic’ lymph glands).
In ‘debulking’ surgery, the surgeon has to try and remove as much of the cancer as possible to improve a woman’s chance of survival. In advanced cases, up to 30% of women will need part of the bowel removed to achieve this aim.
By ‘optimally’ debulking the tumour, i.e. removing as much of it as possible down to any nodule being 1 cm or less in diameter, then there is a substantial improvement in a woman’s chance of survival. If large amounts of tumour are left behind then the opposite effect occurs and makes survival relatively uncommon.
Following surgery in every case, except when the disease has been found to be confined to the ovary and is considered to be ‘low risk’, chemotherapy is recommended. Radiation therapy is not usually given for ovarian cancer, although it can be useful if cancer recurs at the top of the vagina or in lymph glands or the brain.
Ovarian cancers often recur after the first round of treatment, so that secondary treatment with different or new drugs is usually then recommended. The chances of tumours shrinking in this situation are only between 20 and 25%.
When cancer of the ovary recurs and becomes advanced, then treatment will be given to remove accumulated fluid, bowel obstruction may happen, requiring an operation either to bypass the obstruction or alternatively to divert the bowel contents  out onto  the wall of the abdomen  (an ‘ileostomy or ‘colostomy’).
Likewise,   sometimes   fluid  accumulates   in   the  lungs requiring repeated drainage, usually through a fine needle, j Occasionally the lining of the lung will be surgically ‘glued’ onto j the lung itself, and this prevents fluid accumulating between the lining of the lung and the lung tissue (‘pleurodesis’).
Survival with ovarian cancer is extremely challenging if the tumour is at an advanced stage and spread out of the ovary at time of diagnosis.  If the cancer is determined to be confined to the ovary then cure rates are extremely high.
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