Not everyone who smokes does so voluntarily. Environmental tobacco smoke causes heart disease and cancer. In 1992, the American Heart Association called environmental tobacco smoke “a major preventable cause of cardiovascular disease and death.” Experts estimate that 35,000 to 40,000 deaths each year from cardiovascular disease and another 3,000 to 5,000 deaths from lung cancer are directly related to exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.Knowing this, it is reasonable to insist on a smoke-free work site and to not allow guests to smoke in your home. When you are looking for daycare facilities for your children, choose one where they will not be exposed to tobacco smoke. Children who are raised in the homes of smokers are more likely to have ear and upper respiratory infections and other problems that require them to visit the doctor and miss school more often.The risk of secondhand (also called side-stream or passive) smoking increases as the exposure increases. There is no threshold below which there is no risk from environmental tobacco smoke.*233\252\8*



Another cause of obstruction in the blood vessels is overgrowth of the muscle in the wall of the artery, which is called fibromuscular dysplasia. The arteries to the kidneys are most vulnerable. Renal (kidney) arteries can also develop atherosclerotic blockages.Regardless of cause, when blood flow is diminished to the kidneys, your blood pressure tends to increase. Here’s why: when your kidneys get inadequate blood flow they react as though blood pressure were low all over the body. This response triggers the kidneys to release hormone “messengers” that increase blood pressure. This process is similar to blowing cold air on a thermostat: the thermostat responds by increasing the heat in the whole house. Artery blockage in the kidneys can also lead to a decrease in their ability to eliminate waste products.*202\252\8*



In a society which now recognizes that vitamins, minerals and amino acids have a valuable role to play in health, there are precious few nutritional experts to give advice on personal data, such as hair analysis, blood profile, etc.
Beware of believing that being a doctor qualifies someone to give such advice – the medical syllabus provides virtually no information about nutritional matters except where they become medically diagnosable and treatable, such as with scurvy (the clinical lack of vitamin C). For every person who reaches that extreme there are probably a million who are vitamin C deficient in some level or another.
Most people get by on a vitamin/mineral composite daily tablet, but with arterial disease this, while helpful, is not enough. More specific supplementation is necessary; supplementation which, ideally, is tailored to personal profiles such as blood analysis or those designed by a nutritional expert.
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Cardio & Blood/ Cholesterol
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For years and years, doctors counted heart failure as one of the main reasons to restrict activity for heart patients. After a diagnosis of heart failure, patients were doomed to a life of restricted activity and progressive decline in health and attitude. But a new study has shown that even these patients can achieve excellent results with a good exercise program.
Researchers at Oxford University placed 11 patients with chronic, severe heart failure on a routine of regular exercise on stationary bicycles. Patients were rotated from an eight-week period of exercise to an eight-week stretch of restricted activity. The results were dramatic.
For those who followed their exercise prescription, both symptoms and measured physical condition improved as a result of the training. Exercise lowered the patients’ increased heart rate in response to a given load of effort, lengthened the time they could exercise, and improved their ability to extract oxygen from their blood. Patients also said they felt less breathless and fatigued and that they could do more during the day.
Heart failure refers to the heart muscle’s lessened ability to pump owing to the weakened heart wall. While that heart muscle isn’t likely to improve back to the level of a healthy individual’s, other muscles in the body become more efficient and thus require less blood and less oxygen. The entire cardiovascular system works more easily to meet the reduced oxygen demand of those trained muscles.
Yes, there are certain patients whose heart muscles are so weakened that no level of exercise may be possible. For them, a heart transplant may be the only practical treatment. But for countless others who have previously been denied the opportunity to improve via physical exercise, the British study offers wonderful encouragement.
Most of the patients were in their early sixties and were free of other complications such as severe arrhythmias. Of real importance, they were able to perform an adequate amount of exercise at home on stationary bicycles rather than having to come to a hospital. Now even heart failure has been taken off the list of contraindications for cardiac rehabilitation!
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Cardio & Blood/ Cholesterol
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